A plastic surgeon is a medical physician who carries out plastic surgery. Plastic surgery is a surgical speciality involving the restoration reconstruction, or alteration of the human body. It includes cosmetic or aesthetic surgery, reconstructive surgery, craniofacial surgery, hand surgery, microsurgery, and the treatment of burns. Plastic surgery can involve a number of different techniques to move and manipulate body tissue, and could include anything from tissue expansion and skin grafts to flap surgery. Some common operations that plastic surgeons perform include breast reconstruction, breast enlargement, correcting cleft lip and palate, and the treatment of arthritis.
You may need a plastic surgeon if you have a defect present from birth that needs correcting, or skin or tissue damage caused by disease, illness, or injury that needs repairing. If you are struggling with confidence, self-esteem or quality of life issues, you may also decide that you need plastic surgery, as it is often used to make corrections to the bodies of people who are struggling with their physical appearance. Furthermore, if you have birthmarks, a cleft lip or palate, craniosynostosis, hypospadias, ear problems, or hand problems, you may need to see a plastic surgeon to have such issues corrected.
A plastic surgeon can help you in repairing and reconstructing damaged tissue, as well as helping to reconstruct your body and features to improve your self-confidence. If you have suffered from cancer a plastic surgeon could help you by repairing the skin or improving appearance after the removal of cancerous tissue from places such as the breast or face, while a plastic surgeon could also help to remove dead tissue and repair the surrounding area after infection. A plastic surgeon could also help you by repairing burnt and damaged skin or repairing damage caused to tissue by things such as severe fractures that break the skin or a severe wound.
When you see a plastic surgeon you should expect to have a consultation before any surgical work is carried out. In this consultation your plastic surgeon will explain in detail what will happen before, during and after surgery. You may also be given a psychological assessment in order for the plastic surgeon to check that you are of sound mind and are able to make a decision about whether or not to have plastic surgery. Following this an appointment for your surgery will be made.