Orthopaedics, or orthopaedic treatment, is the medical speciality that involves the treatment of the musculoskeletal system, which is made up of your body’s bones, joints, tendons, and muscles. Orthopaedic specialists treat people of all ages, such as newborns with deformities, young people who need joint preserving surgery and older people with irreversible degenerative joint problems. Furthermore, most orthopaedic specialists who work in trauma and orthopaedics provide emergency and non-emergency care for musculoskeletal injuries following an initial assessment in A&E.
Orthopaedic consultants usually offer an array of surgical and non-surgical treatments for different conditions concerning the musculoskeletal system. Some of the most common operations that orthopaedic surgeons carry out are repairing fractured bones (if a plaster cast holding the bone in place will not work to realign the broken bone), arthoscopy (a minimally invasive keyhole technique in which tools are inserted into a joint to diagnose and repair damaged joint tissue), repairing damaged muscle, torn tendons or torn ligaments, arthoplasty (surgery used to replace or resurface joints, usually because of arthritis), and surgery to correct bony deformity. Non-surgical treatments can include painkilling medication, physiotherapy, a structured exercise plan, and using splints or plaster casts on fractured and broken bones.
Such treatments address a multitude of conditions concerning the musculoskeletal system. Whether you are experiencing musculoskeletal trauma, spine disease, sports injuries, degenerative diseases, infections, tumours, congenital disorders or broken bones, an orthopaedic specialist will be able to diagnose and help treat your symptoms. Orthopaedic specialists are able to treat sprains, contusions, head injuries, as well as arthritis, and tendon, ligament and joint problems, among many other conditions.
If an orthopaedic specialist suggests that your injury or condition would be best treated surgically, you can expect certain procedures to occur in the process. If you are experiencing pain in the knees, ankles, shoulders, elbows, wrists or hips, the arthroscopy is likely to be carried out under general anaesthetic. The inside of your joint will be examined, and if necessary, medical instruments will be inserted through a small cut in the skin. You will more than likely be able to go home on the same day as the surgery.
A helpful way to keep up your overall health and prevent musculoskeletal problems as best you can is exercising regularly. Wearing suitable and comfortable footwear and losing weight if you are overweight are also sure-fire ways to remove any extra pressure from your body. However, if you are abroad and experiencing unusual pain, or have gained an injury that you are worried about, TripMedic can find you a qualified professional close to you who speaks your language.